Technology in the Real World
You can find many examples of Engineering Technology in the real world. The ancient constructions,the telecommunications industry, and health
care are just some examples.Technology is continually changing, and people are demanding more efficient processes.
Engineers are responsible for this constant change, Download
by redesigning old machinery and creating new products. Examples of Engineering Technology include:
Engineers have to deal with numerous constraints in order to solve a problem. These constraints may be economic, physical, ethical, or social.
They may also be related to time and place. These limitations may include limits on weight, size,
or performance. Though these constraints may seem permanent, they can often be changed.
The process of engineering begins by defining a problem and specifying criteria. Once the criteria are established, engineering can proceed.
In essence, engineering is the application arm of science. Engineers and technicians work together to bring concepts from theory to practice.
These professionals make improvements to existing processes or develop entirely new technologies that can improve lives.
Some examples of applications-based engineering technology include:
Earlier, before the Second World War, engineers in academia were responsible for bringing new engineering ideas to life. However,
their educational training was very theoretical. As a result,
they often lacked practical, application-based knowledge. This gap was filled by engineering technology. Technicians and technologists are a subset of engineers.
These professionals typically have a bachelor’s degree. In addition to engineers, they also perform a wide variety of other tasks.
It is fascinating to note the extent of engineering skill displayed by Ancient constructions.
The Parthenon, for example, was constructed with a gradient of one in 3,000,
resulting in a height difference of 55 feet. The blocks of stone are set without mortar, which endows the structure with an unsightly bearing.
Some of the pieces of the Great Wall were constructed without mortar, too, lending the structure a slightly uncouth look.
Ancient constructions have evolved over time, beginning with the rise of the Romans,
who were the first to build large structures made of concrete and masonry. Examples of their work include aqueducts,
thermae, columns, lighthouses, defensive walls, harbours, and more. Architect Vitruvius,
who wrote De Architectura in 25 BC, provided extensive details on machines and materials.
Ancient Romans were also noted for their highly accurate surveying methods, based on dioptra, groma, and chorobates.
Another example of ancient engineering is the qanat water management system. This system was
developed during the time of the Medes, a pre-cursor to the Persian Empire.
The longest and oldest Qanat in the world is found in modern-day Iran, and it is more than three thousand years old.
In addition to its impressive size and age, the Qanat eventually spread to other cultures and countries.
Building roads was an important part of ancient civilization. Ancient Maya builders used a system called base-20,
and a large number of these roads were constructed by hand, without the aid of modern tools.
Roads enabled greater commerce and trade within the Roman Empire. As a result, there are 29
roads leading to the eternal city. These ancient buildings show that ancient civilizations were very
sophisticated in their engineering. With so much engineering technology, it is no wonder that they left such elaborate structures and redeveloped civilizations.
Modern telecommunications are a thriving industry that impacts almost every aspect of our lives.
The growth of modern telecommunications will only continue to increase with the advancement of technology, Deloitte predicts.
There will be over 370,000 new telecom jobs in the coming years, but there may not be enough
qualified workers to fill them. So, what is it that makes telecommunications such a vibrant industry?
The field of telecommunications is the science and art of transmitting information via electromagnetic means.
Today, telecommunication systems must be capable of transmitting large amounts of data, voice, television,
and radio signals. To provide this, telecommunication systems must use digital transmission and switching.
While this is more expensive than using analog systems, digital transmission is more reliable and has fewer complication risks.
Using digital transmission, for example, also results in lower costs.
The telecommunications industry is not a vertically integrated business anymore, but instead is a complex value chain of components, facilities,
networks, and users. The telecommunications value chain starts with semiconductor chips and software,
and ends with the end users.
The end users include individuals subscribing to a service, companies contracting to operate their own networks,
and organizations that use telecommunications technology to share information.
The field of telecommunications includes all kinds of technology that depend on the concept of bandwidth.
In analog-to-digital conversion, discrete samples are required that are spaced no more than two times the bandwidth.
This is referred to as the sampling theorem. The sampling interval is named after Swedish-born American electrical engineer Harry Nyquist.
Traditionally, telephones sampled bandwidth at least once a thousandth of a second.
By 2025, more data will be stored in cloud providers than in traditional data centers, and organizations will need to build
networks capable of transmitting more data. In this new world,
telecommunications engineers are needed to design and optimize networks for the transfer of data.
Telecommunications engineers will need general telecommunications knowledge, and expertise in software applications such
as Voice-over-IP and Cisco communications platforms.
There are numerous examples of engineering technology in health care. Many companies have incorporated the term
“Healthcare Engineering” into their company names.
Engineers are tasked with improving health outcomes, making the health sector more efficient, and providing the best possible care to patients.
For example, Project Emerge is a new project in the health care system, which allows physicians to track patients’
health outcomes by tracking their wearable devices.
Healthcare systems engineers work to improve processes and increase patient care, while simultaneously reducing costs.
These professionals analyze dozens of variables to develop better processes and save money.
Without the help of engineers, most people could only focus on one or two factors. Engineers
work with health care providers, hospitals, medical centers, regulatory agencies, administrators,
and biomedical researchers, as well as the public. They analyze the data and design strategies to increase performance.
Healthcare engineers develop software and hardware that improve patient outcomes. They help doctors improve the quality of care by optimizing healthcare systems.
They manufacture and distribute medical instruments, artificial organs,
imaging machines, and medical software to improve patient outcomes. Their work is vital to the health care industry.
And there are many career opportunities in health engineering.
And the field is growing rapidly. And as more people learn about engineering, healthcare engineers are increasingly sought after.
Despite these developments, healthcare professionals should stay vigilant when considering new technologies.
As health information becomes more accessible, the current concept of patient confidentiality will be shattered.
Using electronic health records, for instance, can improve the continuity of care and patient outcomes.
In addition, the use of technology has also facilitated the integration of care and streamlined processes like e-prescribing and telehealth.
With the introduction of cloud solutions and data analytics, healthcare professionals can make decisions and innovate faster.
With the help of artificial intelligence and machine learning, healthcare organizations can use
Watson to analyze thousands of options and determine optimal outcomes within a fraction of the time it took humans
to do so. And 3D printing may one day help medical professionals create human tissue, drugs, and prosthetics.
Even scientists have printed human ears and attached them to mice to study how they work.